Food Spoilage: How to detect spoilage bacteria

Food Spoilage: How to detect spoilage bacteria

Want to know how to identify a food spoilt by bacteria? Well, this article will help you identify a piece of food that has been contaminated by food spoilage bacteria.

Bacteria is one of the infectious organisms that spoil our food. When these organisms gain access to the food, they make the food unsafe for consumption. To avoid food poisoning, it is very important to keep our food out of the reach of bacteria. Spoilage bacteria can be identified easiest by taking note of every change in our food.

Knowing that food has been contaminated by an infectious organism is the first step to preventing food poisoning because the majority of those who get sick from food poisoning have no idea that they ate a portion of contaminated food.


In this article, we shall discuss the various ways to identify spoilage bacteria easily in the food. This will help an individual to eat safely and also, prevent the rate of food poisoning in society.

Leuconostoc spp., Stretococcus spp., Brochothrix thermosphacta, and Carnobacterium spp., are examples of food-contaminant bacteria that are responsible for food spoilage. When any of these bacteria get into the food, it causes discoloration and decreases the pH value of that food.

Just before we talk about how to identify spoilage bacteria in the food, let's quickly check out the possible ways by which Spoilage bacteria can get into the food.

Ways by which spoilage bacteria can get into the food

Below are the possible ways through which food contaminant bacteria (spoilage bacteria) can get access to the food.

1. Poor Hygiene:

Poor hygiene of a food handler can lead to food contamination. Some of these contaminant bacteria are so tiny that they cannot be seen without the help of a microscope. Therefore, to prevent these tiny bacteria, every food handler must always wash their hands with soap and water every time, especially after visiting the restroom.

2. Food storage facility:

The facility at which food like meat and fish are being stored can cause these bacteria to have access to them. Food must be kept in a cool dry place with a moderate temperature level. For instance, it is advisable to keep fish in the freezer until you need it. This will keep it cool and frozen until it is ready to be used.

3. Not following food regulations:

Food regulations are preventive measures given by the food regulatory body to help curb food poisoning. These regulations include but are not limited to recruiting competent staff, staff training, manager's training, etc. With the aim that when staff and managers are well trained, they will know how to make good and healthy food for consumers. However, in a case where these rules are neglected, there is a possibility that Spoilage bacteria will affect our food and food products.

The easiest ways to identify spoilage bacteria in food

Now that you have an understanding of the possible ways by which spoilage bacteria can gain access to the food, let's take a look at the ways by which you can easily identify spoilage bacteria in the food.

Spoilage bacteria can be identified easiest by:

1. Food Discoloration:

Many infectious organisms get food contaminated such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. However, bacteria have their way of affecting the food and one of these ways is that the food will change in color.

When the color of a food changes from its original color, then, there is a possibility that such a portion of food has been affected by spoilage bacteria known as Brochothrix spp. It majorly affects meat and meat products.

Food discoloration is the first and easiest way to identify spoilage bacteria in the food.

2. Change in the odor of the food:

A portion of food affected by the spoilage bacteria will have a different odor other than its original odor. Food like fish and meat can be easily detected when affected by spoilage bacteria.

3. Food Decaying:

Food decaying is another easy way to identify spoilage bacteria in the food. Spoilage bacteria like Stretococcus spp. reduces the pH value of the food when it touches the food and in return, causes the food to decay.

4. Food foamy:

Liquid food products will become foamy with discoloration when they are affected by spoilage bacteria. When your food or food products become foamy and change in color at the same time, you might just need to discard them and get another food to avoid food poisoning.

5. Allergies:

Unfortunately, this is the way most people get to realize that there are poisonous bacteria inside their food. Allergic reactions following contaminated food include but are not limited to; Stomach aches, diarrhea, and vomiting.

Effects of Spoilage bacteria on the food

The effects of the presence of Spoilage bacteria in the food are:

1. It makes the food unsafe for consumption.

2. It causes food poisoning.

3. It reduces the pH value of the food.

How to prevent spoilage bacteria from food:

1. Food handlers' training.

2. Exercising and ensuring the food sanitation rules in food making.

3. Follow food regulations

4. Recruitment of competent staff by food service companies and restaurants.

5. Wash hands with soap and water

6. Environmental sanitation.

Conclusion:

The spoilage bacteria can be easily identified in the food when we let every change in our food matter to us. Changes in color, smell, and taste of food are a sign that the food might have been contaminated.

People who get sick from eating contaminated food are either ignorant of food contamination or choose to ignore the signs of food contamination.

It is very important to take note of every change in our food to stay healthy and avoid food poisoning. Always remember that health is wealth.
Admin

My name is Emmanuel. I'm a Nurse and a food lover. I have worked with many food blogs in the past before creating InfoTipsBlog to share food safety tips.

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